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How to Prepare a Robust Risk Management Plan?


As an Australian small business owner, you may monitor the news for current economic updates, maybe with a knot in your throat and slightly panicking.

No matter the economic conditions, preparing a robust risk management plan is crucial to helping your business withstand trying times. 

Risk management involves identifying, assessing, and prioritising potential risks to your business and developing strategies to minimise their impact. Knowing how to handle worst-case scenarios gives you the power to control the situation as much as possible. When the crisis hits, there is a plan to follow and a guide to refer to.

Here are the key steps to preparing a comprehensive risk management plan to help your business weather any economic storm.

Step 1: Identify potential risks

The first step in preparing a risk management plan is identifying potential business risks. It is essential to look at the business from multiple angles. There may be financial, operational, and strategic risks. 

Financial risks may include cash flow problems, credit risks, or market ups and downs. 

Operational risks may include supply chain disruptions, employee turnover, or cybersecurity threats. 

Strategic risks may include changes in government policies, competition, or customer preferences.

You can use various methods to identify risks: brainstorming sessions with the team, reviewing historical data, or consulting industry experts. To ensure a comprehensive understanding of potential risks, it is essential to involve all key stakeholders in risk identification.

Small business owners each face unique challenges when preparing a risk management plan. These considerations may or may not apply to your specific circumstances, but they are things to consider for a potentially uncertain future.

Considerations for small business owners in preparing a risk management plan

These are some common issues that affect small businesses. Keep them in mind when constructing your risk management plan.

1. Limited resources 

Small businesses may need more resources to address potential risks. Therefore, it is essential to prioritise risks and develop cost-effective strategies to mitigate their impact.

2. Dependence on key personnel 

Smaller teams may rely heavily on key personnel, such as the owner or a few key employees. Therefore, developing contingency plans for unexpected events, such as illness or resignation, is crucial.

3. Cash flow management 

Cash flow problems can have a significant impact on small businesses. Therefore, developing robust financial management systems and maintaining adequate reserves is essential.

4. Compliance with regulations 

Small businesses may face regulatory compliance risks, such as failing to comply with tax or employment laws. Therefore, staying up-to-date with regulatory requirements and developing appropriate compliance measures is crucial.

Step 2: Assess the impact and likelihood of each risk

Once you have identified potential risks, the next step is to assess their impact and probability. This involves determining the possible consequences of each risk and the chances of it occurring. 

For example, a cash flow problem may significantly impact your business. However, the likelihood of it occurring may be low if you have a robust financial management system.

Assessing the impact and likelihood of each risk will help you prioritise which risks tackling first. Then, you can develop appropriate risk management strategies.

Step 3: Develop risk management strategies

After identifying and assessing potential risks, the next step is to develop risk management strategies to mitigate their impact. Risk management strategies may include prevention, mitigation, transfer, or acceptance.

Prevention strategies aim to avoid the risk altogether. For example, implementing robust cybersecurity measures can prevent data breaches and protect your business from financial losses.

Mitigation strategies aim to reduce the impact of the risk. For example, developing a contingency plan for supply chain disruptions can help your business maintain operations during a crisis.

Transfer strategies involve transferring the risk to another party, such as purchasing insurance or outsourcing certain functions. 

Acceptance strategies involve accepting the risk and developing a plan to manage its consequences. For example, if a change in government policy may impact your business, creating alternative revenue streams can help mitigate the impact.

Examples of risk management strategies for small businesses

No one business faces the same circumstances as another. Speak to a professional before implementing any method to ensure you have the best plan for your business. 

1. Cash flow management

One of the most significant risks for small businesses is cash flow problems. To mitigate this risk, small business owners can develop strategies such as:

  • Maintaining an emergency fund can provide a financial buffer in unexpected events, such as supply chain disruptions.
  • Implementing robust financial management systems can include regular cash flow forecasting, managing accounts receivable and payable, and minimising unnecessary expenses.
  • Diversifying revenue streams: This can help reduce the impact of a downturn in one area of the business.

2. Cybersecurity risks 

Small businesses may be particularly vulnerable to cybersecurity threats due to limited resources for implementing robust security measures. To mitigate this risk, small business owners can develop strategies such as:

  • Implementing basic cybersecurity measures: This can include regular software updates, using strong passwords, and restricting employee access to sensitive information.
  • Outsourcing cybersecurity: Small businesses can consider outsourcing cybersecurity to a third-party provider with expertise and resources to manage the risk.
  • Educating employees: Ensuring all employees are aware of the risks and trained can help reduce the likelihood of a security breach.

3. Employee turnover 

Small businesses may rely heavily on a few key employees, making employee turnover a significant risk. To mitigate this risk, small business owners can develop strategies such as:

  • Developing a succession plan: This can involve identifying key roles and developing a plan in case of unexpected events, such as resignation or illness.
  • Creating a positive work environment: Offering competitive compensation and benefits, opportunities for growth and development, and a positive workplace culture can help reduce employee turnover.
  • Cross-training employees: This can help ensure employees have the necessary skills and knowledge to fill in for other roles in case of unexpected events.

Step 4: Implement and monitor the risk management plan

Once you have developed your risk management plan, the next step is to implement it and monitor its effectiveness. Ensure all stakeholders understand their roles and responsibilities in executing the plan. This can be in the form of safety drills or training sessions. 

Schedule a review regularly to ensure the plan remains relevant and practical. It is also essential to monitor the external environment for new potential risks and adjust the risk management plan accordingly.

A Risk Management Plan Tailored to Your Business

Developing a risk management plan is crucial for small business owners to ensure their businesses can withstand economic downturns and unexpected events. 

Small business owners can mitigate potential risks by identifying potential hazards, assessing their impact and likelihood, developing appropriate risk management strategies, and regularly monitoring and adjusting the plan.

Regularly monitoring and adjusting the plan is also essential to stay on top of potential risks and ensure your business is prepared for unexpected events.


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